Dermatology is a subspecialty of medicine that deals with diseases and disorders of the skin. Dermatologists are doctors specially trained in medical and surgical aspects of skin care, including cosmetic, aesthetic and functional improvement. Subsets of this specialty include disorders and treatment of the scalp, hair and nails. Paradise Valley Dermatology offers excellent info on this. Types of therapies provided by dermatologists include hair removal, cosmetic filler injections, laser or photodynamic therapy, tattoo removal, tumescent liposuction, cryosurgery, and a variety of medicated or non-medicated topical and systemic therapies.
Hair removal may be achieved via electrolysis or laser follicle destruction. Each technique is appropriate for different types of hair on different types of skin. For example, laser hair removal is most effective when used on dark hair and light skin and can be used to treat large areas in a short time. Electrolysis is more suited for smaller areas with fine or light hair. These procedures are extremely common and side effects for each treatment are relatively rare.
Cosmetic filler injections are a widely popular form of non-surgical anti-aging dermatology treatment. Usually used to reduce or eliminate frown lines, forehead wrinkles, crow’s feet, or add size and shape to lips, injections are performed in a clinic on an outpatient basis with minimal recovery time. The results are often immediate, the risk of side effects is relatively low, and the cost is often reasonable, making this treatment popular, safe and effective.
Laser and photodynamic therapy are often used to reduce or eliminate birthmarks, tattoos, skin disorders such as vitiligo, or cosmetic resurfacing and rejuvenation. Skin cancer and precancerous growths can also be treated with phototherapy as a non-surgical approach to reduce risk of metastasis. Many people turn to laser or phototherapy to improve the overall tone and texture of their skin.
Tumescent liposuction is a type of surgical procedure performed by dermatologists and plastic surgeons to aid patients in achieving a more desirable shape. While liposuction should never be used as a replacement for a healthy diet and exercise, it is often a viable option for individuals that have recently lost a lot of weight but have a few remaining pounds they just can’t get rid of. Tumescent liposuction uses dilute anesthetic via local infusion to create space between muscle and fatty tissue. This space allows more room for the liposuction cannula and minimizes systemic anesthetic toxicity.
Cryosurgery is often performed on an outpatient basis from a clinic and is used to treat warts, skin cancers, or other dermatological disorders with liquid nitrogen. The risk of side effects and healing time are both very minimal, making this therapy both common and safe. Both benign and malignant skin conditions can be treated with cryosurgery and it is an important part of any dermatology practice.
Topical and systemic therapies include antibiotics, immunotherapy, medicinal or non-medicinal topical creams or gels, and other injectable products designed to treat a variety of skin disorders. Acne, skin cancer, precancerous growths, anti-aging skin care, and hair growth or removal are all types of disorders that can be treated with topical or systemic therapies.